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Linking structures to improve your writing

 

Using a wide range of vocabulary in will help you to gain higher score at the writng section of any proficiency exam.

But you don’t need to learn all of these phrases.  Choose a few expressions that you feel mre comfortable with and use them in you writing practices to get used to them.

 

Giving examples

for example

for instance

as follows:

that is

in this case

namely

in other words

LISTING

firstly, secondly, thirdly

first, furthermore, finally

to begin, to conclude

next

Reinforcement

also

furthermore

moreover

what is more

in addition

besides

above all

as well (as)

in the same way

not only … but also

SUMMARY

in conclusion

to conclude

in brief

to summarise

overall

therefore

CONCESSION

even though

however

however much

nevertheless

still

yet

Result/consequence

so

therefore

as a result/consequence

accordingly

consequently

because of this/that

thus

hence

for this/that reason

so that

in that case

under these circumstances

SIMILARITY

equally

likewise

similarly

correspondingly

in the same way

DEDUCTION

in other words

in that case

otherwise

this implies that …

Reformulation

in other words

rather

to put it more simply

EXPRESSING AN ALTERNATIVE

alternatively

rather

on the other hand

the alternative is

another possibility would be

Generalising

in general

generally

on the whole

as a rule

for the most part

in most cases

usually

Highlighting

in particular

particularly

especially

mainly

STATING THE OBVIOUS

obviously

clearly

naturally

of course

as can be expected

surely

after all

TRANSITION TO A NEW POINT

now,

as far as x is concerned

with regard/reference to

as for …

it follows that

turning to

CONTRAST

instead

conversely

on the contrary

in contrast

in comparison

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